Remember Subramania Bharathi, the Tamil poet who became the symbol of national unity



A teacher once asked a student, “We heard, you are Kalmegh. Recite a poem. The student immediately replied, “Sir, Kalmegh is showering alone and not on command.” ”

The student was none other than Subramania Bharathi, a few lines from one of his poems were recited by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Red Fort on August 15, 2018.

An exceptional poet

Bharathi was born on December 11, 1882 in the village of Ettayapuram in the district of Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu. Many people in South India joined the struggle for freedom after being influenced by his writings. He was not only a pioneer of women’s empowerment and a symbol of national integration, but was also a Tamil poet, known as “Mahakavi Bharatiya”, whose patriotic poems inspired the masses during the struggle for Indian freedom. In 1908, an arrest warrant was issued against Bharathi by the British government and required him to move to Pondicherry, where he lived until 1918.

It is a rare feat that the king of the court of Ettaya Puram bestowed upon him the title of “Bharathi” when he was only 11 years old. After that he was called by the name of Subramania Bharathi, according to FRP.

The new style and melody of phrases, simple words, local idioms and songs in his poetry brought Tamil literature to a whole different pedestal. He was also a fighter, social reformer and journalist who was involved in the struggle for Indian freedom and took great care of the poor and the oppressed.

Supporter of women’s empowerment

He regarded Swami Vivekanda’s disciple, Sister Nivedita, as his mentor, and he became an even stronger supporter of women’s freedom and empowerment after meeting her.

Bharathi, who was fluent in several languages ​​including Tamil, English, French, Sanskrit, Hindi and Telugu, was announced as editor-in-chief of Chakravartini, whose goal was to empower people. women.

Bharathi’s poetry expressed a progressive and reformist ideal. His imagery and the vigor of his verses have been a forerunner of modern Tamil poetry in many ways. He was the forerunner of poetry which had a mixture of classical and contemporary elements. He produced a stupendous production writing thousands of verses on various subjects like Indian nationalism, love songs, nature songs, children’s songs, the glory of the Tamil language and odes to the fighters of the freedom like Gandhi, Tilak and Lajpat Rai.

Millions of Tamil readers have read his insightful comparisons. He was fluent in different languages ​​and translated the speeches of Indian National Reform leaders such as Sri Aurobindo, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Swami Vivekananda.

Some literati believe that Bharathi’s Panchali Sapatham, based on the story of Panchali (Draupadi), is also an ode to the homeland. The Pandavas are called Indians, the Kauravas the British and the Kurukshetra War of the Mahabharat is the Indian freedom movement. It is undoubtedly attributed to the rise of femininity in society.

“We make dresses in silk and cotton

In quantities as large as mountains

They bring a lot of wealth

Traders around the world,

to whom we give it “

Against the caste system

He is known to have said, “Even though the Indians are divided, they are the children of one mother, where is the need for foreigners to intervene? During 1910-1920 he wrote about a new and free India where no caste system existed. He talks about strengthening the country’s defense, ships sailing the high seas, success in industry and universal education.

Bharathi also wanted to end famine. He sang “Thani oru manithanakku unavu illayenil intha jagaththinai azhithiduvom” translated as “If one man goes hungry, we will destroy the whole world”.

Subramania Bharathi died on September 11, 1921.

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